The Ohio bar exams are held every year once in February and then in July every.
The exam lasts three days. On day one, six essay questions and two Multistate Performance Test questions are given. On day two, the Multistate Bar Exam is administered. On day three, six essay questions are given.
The bar exam has three basic components: (1) an essay portion; (2) the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), which consists of multiple choice questions; and (3) the Multistate Performance Test (MPT) which is a closed universe writing problem. A passing score is 405 out of a maximum score of approximately 600. The MBE counts for 1/3 of the score and the written portions, the essays and the MPT, count for 2/3 of the score.
In addition to passing the bar exam, the Ohio Supreme Court requires that all bar applicants have taken and passed the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) before they can practice law.
Applicants for the Ohio Bar Examination must also answer twelve essay questions. There will be one question on each of these eleven general subject areas, plus one question on any topic:
- · Contracts (Common Law and Sales of Goods)
- · Torts
- · Property (Real and Personal)
- · Criminal Law (including Criminal Procedure)
- · Constitutional Law (including First Amendment)
- · Evidence
- · Civil Procedure
- · Business Associations (Corporations, Agency or Partnership)
- · Commercial Law (Commercial Paper or Secured Transactions)
- · Wills
- · Ethics
The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is the multiple choice part of the Ohio Bar exam. The MBE is a six hour, two hundred question multiple choice examination covering Contracts, Torts, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Evidence, and Real Property. While Civil Procedure is not specifically tested on the MBE, understanding of general principles of motion practice is important.
The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) is a closed universe writing test. The applicant is given a problem that replicates an assignment that might be given to a first year associate in a law firm or government agency. The assignment must be finished in 90 minutes and can range from drafting a contract, to writing a brief, memorandum, or client letter. The MPT provides the applicant with the necessary law and facts in the forms that a lawyer might find them, e.g., cases, statutes, witness statements, newspaper articles, letters, and client interviews. The applicant is required to using only the law provided in the problem.
The MPRE is a multiple choice examination that tests your knowledge of the rules of professional conduct for lawyers and judges. It is a sixty question, two hour and five minute, multiple choice examination. The MPRE is based on the ABA Model Code of Professional Conduct, ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct and controlling constitutional decisions.